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Mark, B. G., A. French, M. Baraer, M. Carey, J. Bury, K. R. Young, M. H. Polk, O. Wigmore, P. Lagos, R. Crumley, J. M. McKenzie & L. Lautz (2017) Glacier loss and hydro-social risks in the Peruvian Andes. Global and Planetary Change 159, 61-76.

Wigmore, O. and B.G. Mark. Monitoring Tropical Debris Covered Glacier Dynamics from High Resolution Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Photogrammetry, Cordillera Blanca, Peru. The Cryosphere.

Mark, B.G. and A. Fernandez. The significance of mountain glaciers as sentinels of climate and environmental change. Geography Compass 11(6).

Mark, B.G., N. Stansell and G. Zeballos. The last deglaciation of Peru and Bolivia. Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica (Geographical Research Letters) 43(2), 591-628. ISSN 1697-9540. doi:

Huh, K.I., B.G. Mark, Y. Ahn and C. Hopkinson. Volume change of tropical Peruvian glaciers from multi-temporal digital elevation models (DEMs) and its volume surface area scaling.Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography 99(3), 222-239.

Huss, M., B. Bookhagen, C. Huggel, D. Jacobsen, R. Bradley, J. Clague, M. Vuille, W. Buytaert, D. Cayan, G. Greenwood, B.G. Mark, A. Milner, R. Weingartner, M. Winder. Towards mountains without permanent snow and ice. Earth’s Future 5(5), 418-435. DOI: 10.1002/2016EF000514.

Stansell, N. J. Licciardi, D.T. Rodbell and B.G. Mark. Tropical ocean-atmospheric forcing of Late Glacial and Holocene glacier fluctuations in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Geophysical Research Letters 44, 4176–4185. DOI:10.1002/2016GL072408.

La Frenierre, J. and B.G. Mark. Detecting Patterns of Climate Change at Volcán Chimborazo, Ecuador by Integrating Instrumental Data, Public Perceptions and Glacier Change Analysis.Annals of the Association of American Geographers 107(4), 979-997. DOI: 10.1080/24694452.2016.1270185.

Lopez-Moreno, J.I., B. Valero-Garces, B.G. Mark, T. Condom, M. Frugone, J. Revuelto, C. Azorin-Molina, J. Bazo, S.M. Vicente-Serrano and J.A. Cochachin. Hydrological and depositional processes associated with recent glacier recession in Yanamarey catchment, Cordillera Blanca (Peru). Science of the Total Environment 579, 272-282.

Polk, M., K.R. Young, M. Baraer, B.G. Mark, J.M. McKenzie, J. Bury and M. Carey. Exploring hydrologic connections between tropical mountain wetlands and glacier recession. Applied Geography 78, 94-103.

Hellström, R.A., A. Fernandez, B.G. Mark and J. Covert. Exploring scales of mountain valley winds and lapse rates in the Peruvian Andes: hydroclimatic insights from embedded observations and dynamical downscaling. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 107, 260-273.

Carey, M., O. Molden, M.B. Rasmussen, M. Jackson, A. Nolin and B.G. Mark. Impacts of Glacier Recession and Declining Meltwater on Mountain Societies. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 107, 350-359.


Fernández, A., M.R. Najafi, M. Durand, B.G. Mark, M. Moritz, A. Shastry, S. Laborde, S.C. Phang, I. Hamilton, X. Ningchuan and J. Neal. Testing the skill of numerical hydraulic modeling to simulate spatiotemporal flooding patterns in the Logone floodplain, Cameroon. Journal of Hydrology 539, 265-280.

Laborde, S., A. Fernández, S. C. Phang, I. M. Hamilton, N. Henry, H. C. Jung, A. Mahamat, M. Ahmadou, B. K. Labara, S. Kari, M. Durand, B. Mark, P. Scholte, N. Xiao, R. Ziebe, and M. Moritz. 2016. Social-ecological feedbacks lead to unsustainable lock-in in an inland fishery. Global Environmental Change 41, 13-25.

Somers, L., Gordon, R., McKenzie, J., Lautz, L., Wigmore, O., Glose, A., Glas, R., Mark, B.G., Baraer, M., T. Condom. Quantifying groundwater-surface water interactions in a proglacial valley, Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Hydrological Processes.

Fernández, A., and B. G. Mark. Modeling modern glacier response to climate changes along the Andes Cordillera: A multiscale review. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 8(1), 467-495. DOI:10.1002/2015MS000482.

Moritz, M., S. Laborde, S.C. Phang, M. Ahmadou, M. Durand, A. Fernandez, I.M. Hamilton, S. Kari, B.G. Mark, P. Scholte, N. Xiao, and R. Ziebe. Studying the Logone Floodplain in Cameroon as a Coupled Human and Natural System. African Journal of Aquatic Science 41(1), 99-108. DOI:10.2989/16085914.2016.1143799.


Aubry-Wake, C., M. Baraer, J.M. McKenzie, B.G. Mark, O. Wigmore, R.Å. Hellström, L. Lautz & L. Somers (2015) Measuring glacier surface temperatures with ground-based thermal infrared imaging. Geophysical Research Letters 42, 8489-8497.

Mark, B.G., M. Baraer, A. Fernandez*, W. Immerzeel, R.D. Moore and R. Weingartner. Glaciers as Water Resources. In: C. Huggel, M. Carey, J. Clague, A. Kääb (eds) ‘The High-Mountain Cryosphere: Changes and Risks.’ Cambridge University Press.

French, A., J. Bury, B.G. Mark, M. Carey, K. R. Young, J. McKenzie, M. Baraer and M. H. Polk*. Coyuntura crítica: Cambio climático, globalización y la doble exposición del sistema socio-hidrológico de la cuenca del Río Santa, Perú. In: J. C. Postigo and K. R. Young (eds.). Perspectivas Socio-Ecológicas y Cambios Globales en América Latina. Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, Lima.

Mark, B.G. Mountain Climatology. In: D. Richardson (ed.) ‘The International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment, and Technology.’ Wiley-AAG. Forthcoming

Gordon, R., L. Lautz, J.M. McKenzie, B.G. Mark, D. Chavez and M. Baraer. Sources and pathways of stream generation in tropical proglacial valleys of the Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Journal of Hydrology 522, 628-644,. 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.01.013.

Baraer, M., J.M. McKenzie, B.G. Mark, R. Gordon, J. Bury, T. Condom, R.J. Gomez, S. Knox and S. Fortner. Contribution of groundwater to the outflow from ungauged glacierized catchments: a multi-site study in the tropical Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Hydrological Processes 29, 2561-2581, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10386.


Reinemann, S.A., Porinchu, D.F., Gustin, M.S., and Mark, B.G. 2014. Historical Trends Of Mercury And Spheroidal Carbonaceous Particle Deposition In Sub-Alpine lakes in the Great Basin, United States. Journal of Paleolimnology 52(4), 405-418. DOI: 10.1007/s10933-014-9801-7.

Reinemann, S.A., Porinchu, D.F., and Mark, B.G. 2014. Regional Climate Change Evidenced by Recent Shifts in Chironomid Community Composition in Sub-alpine and Alpine Lakes in the Great Basin of the United States. Arctic, Antarctic, Alpine Research 46, 600-615. DOI: 10.1657/1938-4246-46.3.600.

Reinemann, S.A., Porinchu, D.F., MacDonald, G.M., Mark, B.G., and DeGrand, J.Q., 2014. A 2000 Year Reconstruction of Air Temperature in the Great Basin of the United States with Specific Reference to the Medieval Climatic Anomaly. Quaternary Research 82, 309-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2014.06.002.

Wrathall, D., J. Bury, A. French, M. Carey, B.G. Mark, K. Young. Migration and climate rigidity traps: Socio-ecological possibilism and resource politics in Honduras and Peru. Annals of the Association of American Geographers (Special Edition on Migration) 104(2), 292-304.

Carey, M., M. Baraer, B.G. Mark, A. French, J. Bury, K. Young and J. McKenzie. Toward Hydro-Social Modeling: Merging Human Variables and the Social Sciences with Climate-Glacier Runoff Models (Santa River, Peru). Journal of Hydrology 518(A): 60-70. DOI:


La Frenierre, J. and B.G. Mark. A review of methods for estimating the contribution of glacial meltwater to total watershed discharge. Progress in Physical Geography 38(2) 173–200. DOI: 10.1177/0309133313516161.

Klein, E., R. Booth, Z. Yu, B.G. Mark and N. Stansell. Hydrology-mediated Differential Response of Carbon Accumulation to Late Holocene Climate Change at Two Peatlands in Southcentral Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews 64, 61-75.

Bury,J., B.G. Mark, M. Carey, K.R. Young,J.M. McKenzie, M. Baraer, A. French and M. Polk. New Geographies of Water and Climate Change in Peru: Coupled Natural and Social Transformations in the Santa River Watershed. Annals of the Association of American Geographers (Special Edition on Water) 103(2), 363‐374.

Stansell,N.,D.T. Rodbell, M. Abbott and B.G. Mark. Proglacial lake sediment records reveal Holocene climate change in the western Cordillera, Peru. Quaternary Science Reviews 70, 1‐14.


Salzmann,N., C.Huggel, M. Rohrer, W. Silverio, B.G. Mark, P. Burns, and C. Portocarrero. Glacier changes and climate trends derived from multiple sources in the data‐scarce Cordillera Vilcanota region, Southern Peruvian Andes. The Cryosphere 7, 103‐118.

Chae,H.,H. Lee, S. Lee, Y. Cheong,G.Um, B.G. Mark and N. Patrick. Local variability in temperature, humidity, and radiation in the Baekdu Daegan Mountain Protected Area of Korea.Journal of Mountain Science 9(5), 613‐627.

Huh, K. I., B. G. Mark & C. Hopkinson. Changes of topographic context of the Yanamarey glaciers in the Tropical Peruvian Andes. Remote Sensing and Hydrology (Proceedings of a symposium held at Jackson Wyoming, USA, September 2010) (IAHS Publ. 352, 2012).

Baraer, M.; Mark, B. G.; McKenzie, J.; Condom,T.; Bury, J.; Huh, K.I.; Portocarrero, C.; Gómez, J.; Rathay, S. Glacier recession and water resources in Peru’s Cordillera Blanca. Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 58 (207), pp. 134-150. Also, a Spanish version of this paper can be found here.


La Frenierre, J., K.I. Huh and B.G. Mark. Quaternary Glaciations – Extent and Chronology: Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. In Gibbard and P.D. Hughes, (eds) ‘Quaternary Glaciations ‐ Extent and Chronology – A Closer Look.’ Developments in Quaternary Science, Vol. 15, pp. 773‐802,

Mark, B.G. Glaciations and Ice Ages (Chapter 37). In: Agnew, J. and Livingstone, D. (eds) ‘The SAGE Handbook of Geographical Knowledge’, Sage Publications. [Awarded “Outstanding Reference Source” by the American Library Association.]

Reinemann, S., N. Patrick, G. Baker, D. Porinchu, B.G. Mark and J. Box. Climate change in Great Basin National Park: Lake sediment and sensor‐based studies. Park Science 28(2), 31‐35.

Fortner, S., B.G. Mark, J.M. McKenzie, J. Bury, A. Trierweiler, M. Baraer, P. Burns and L. Munk. Elevated stream trace and minor element concentrations in a tropical proglacial stream. Applied Geochemistry 26:1792-1801.

Bury, J., B.G. Mark, J. McKenzie, A. French, M. Baraer, K.I. Huh, M. Zapata and J. Gomez. Glacier recession and human vulnerability in the Yanamarey watershed of the Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Climatic Change, 105(1‐2): 179‐206.


Thompson, L.G., E. Mosley‐Thompson, H.H. Brecher, D.R. Hardy and B.G. Mark. Glacier loss on Kilimanjaro is consistent with widespread ice loss in low latitudes. Response to Letter to PNAS entitled “Glacier loss on Kilimanjaro is an exceptional case” by Mölg, Kaser and Cullen. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 107(17): E69-E70.   

Mark, B.G., J. Bury, J.M. McKenzie, A. French and M. Baraer. Climate Change and Tropical Andean Glacier Recession: Evaluating Hydrologic Changes and Livelihood Vulnerability in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Special Edition on Climate Change, 100(4): 794 – 805.

McKenzie, J.M, B.G. Mark, L.G. Thompson, U. Schotterer, and P‐N. Lin. A geochemical survey of Kilimanjaro springs: implications for water sources and ages. Hydrogeology Journal. Published online: 5 January 2010. DOI 10.1007/s10040‐009‐0558‐4.

Thompson, L.G., E. Mosley‐Thompson, H.H. Brecher, D.R. Hardy and B.G. Mark. Glacier loss on Kilimanjaro Continues Unabated. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) 106(47), 19770‐19775.

Porinchu, D.F., S.A. Reinemann, B.G. Mark, J. Box and N. Rolland. Application of a midge‐based inference model for air temperature reveals evidence of late‐20th century warming in sub‐alpine lakes in the central Great Basin, United States. Quaternary International 215(1-2), 15-26.


Reinemann, S.A., D.F. Porinchu, A.M. Bloom, B.G. Mark and J.E. Box. A Multi‐proxy Paleolimnological Reconstruction of Holocene Climate Conditions in the Great Basin, United States. Quaternary Research 72(3), 347‐358.

Baraer, M., J.M. McKenzie, B.G. Mark and S. Knox. Characterizing contributions of glacier melt and groundwater during the dry season in a poorly gauged catchment of the Cordillera Blanca (Peru). Advances in Geosciences 22, 41‐49.

Rodbell, D.T., J.A. Smith and B.G. Mark. Glaciation in the Andes during the Late Glacial and Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 2165–2212.

Hall, S.R., D.L. Farber, J.M. Ramage, D.T. Rodbell, R.C. Finkel, J.A. Smith, B.G. Mark and C. Kassel. Geochronology of Quaternary glaciations from the tropical Cordillera Huayhuash, Peru. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 2991–3009.


Rodbell, D.T., G.O. Seltzer, B.G. Mark, J.A. Smith and M.B. Abbott. Clastic sediment flux to tropical Andean lakes: Records of glaciation and soil erosion. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 1612‐1626.

Mark, B.G. and H.A. Osmaston. Quaternary glaciation in Africa: key chronologies and climatic implications. Journal of Quaternary Science 23(6‐7), 589‐608.

Smith, J.A., B.G. Mark and D.T. Rodbell. The timing and magnitude of mountain glaciation in the tropical Andes. Journal of Quaternary Science 23(6‐7), 609‐634.

Vuille, M., B. Francou, P. Wagnon, I. Juen, G. Kaser, B.G. Mark, and R.S. Bradley. Climate change and tropical Andean glaciers – Past, present and future. Earth Science Reviews 89, 79‐96.

Mark, B.G. Tracing Andean glaciers over space and time: some lessons and transdisciplinary implications. Global and Planetary Change 60, 101–114.

Bury, J., J. McKenzie, A. French, B.G. Mark. Adapting to uncertain futures: A report on new glacier recession and livelihood vulnerability research in the Peruvian Andes. Mountain Research and Development 28(3/4): 332-333.


Mark, B.G. and J.M. McKenzie. Tracing increasing tropical Andean glacier melt with stable isotopes in water. Environmental Science and Technology 40(20), 6955‐6960.


Mark, B.G. and K.F. Helmens. Reconstruction of glacier equilibrium‐line altitudes for the Last Glacial Maximum on the High Plain of Bogotá, Eastern Cordillera, Colombia: climatic and topographic implications. Journal of Quaternary Science 20 (7‐8), 789‐800.

Mark, B. G., J. M. McKenzie, and J. Gomez. Hydrochemical evaluation of changing glacier meltwater contribution to stream discharge: Callejon de Huaylas, Peru. Hydrological Sciences Journal 50(6), 975‐987.

Mark, B. G., S. P. Harrison, Spessa, A., M. New, D. J. A. Evans and K.F. Helmens. Tropical snowline changes at the LGM: a global assessment. Quaternary International 138‐139, 168‐201.

Benn, D. I., L.A. Owen, H. A. Osmaston, G. O. Seltzer, S. C. Porter and B. G. Mark. Reconstruction of equilibrium line altitudes for tropical and subtropical glaciers. Quaternary International 138‐139, 8‐21.

Mark, B. G and G. O. Seltzer. Recent glacier recession in the Cordillera Blanca, Perú (AD 1962‐1999): spatial distribution of mass loss and climatic forcing. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 2265‐2280.

Mark, B. G. and G. O. Seltzer. Glacier recession in the Peruvian Andes: Climatic forcing, hydrologic impact and comparative rates over time. U. M. Huber et al. (eds.), Global Change and Mountain Regions, 205-214.


Mark, B. G. and G. O. Seltzer.  Tropical glacial meltwater contribution to stream discharge: a case study in the Cordillera Blanca, Perú.  Journal of Glaciology 49 (165), 271‐281.

Abbott, M. B., B. B. Wolfe, A. P. Wolfe, G. O. Seltzer, R. Aravena, B. G. Mark, P. J. Polissar, D. T. Rodbell, H. D. Rowe and M. Vuille.  Holocene Paleohydrology and glacial history of the Central Andes using multiproxy lake sediment studies. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 194, 123‐138.


Mark, B. G., G. O. Seltzer, D. T. Rodbell, and A. Y. Goodman. Rates of deglaciation during the last glaciation and Holocene in the Cordillera Vilcanota‐Quelccaya Ice Cap Region, SE Perú. Quaternary Research, 57 (3), 287‐298.

Mark, B. G.  Observations of modern deglaciation and hydrology in the Cordillera Blanca.  Acta Montana, Ser. A 19 (123), 23‐36.


Goodman, A. Y., G. O. Seltzer, D. T. Rodbell, and B. G. Mark.  Subdivision of glacial deposits in Southeastern Perú based on pedogenic development and radiometric ages. Quaternary Research, 56 (1), 31‐50.

Mark, B .G. Glacial clues to global warming. GPSworld: 20-26.


Van der Veen, C. J., E. Mosley‐Thompson, A. J. Gow, and B. G. Mark.  Accumulation at South Pole: comparison of two 900‐year records.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(D24), 31,067‐31,076.