A 101-m core drilled in 1974 at South Pole Station (90oS; 2800 m a.s.l.) was cut into 5218 samples for microparticle concentration measurements used to establish a 911-year record (Mosley-Thompson and Thompson, 1982). In addition, the core was cut into 1024 samples for δ18O analyses made at the University of Copenhagen. As the δ18O samples were cut to approximate annual increments they did not contribute to the establishment of the time scale which is based solely upon seasonal variations in dust concentrations. The estimated accuracy of the time scale is ± 90 years at 911 yr.B.P.
The South Pole and Siple records of dust and δ18O reveal an anti-phase relationship between atmospheric conditions over the high East Antarctic Plateau and the Antarctic Peninsula area. During cold and dusty periods over East Antarctica, conditions are warmer and the atmosphere is less dusty in the Peninsula region. High resolution records from central West Antarctica are as yet unavailable to determine whether the climate in this region is synchronous with that over East Antarctica, or that in the Peninsula region, or whether it is totally different. High resolution records from central West Antarctica should be a high priority for future antarctic drilling plans.
Mosley-Thompson, E. and L. G. Thompson. Nine centuries of microparticle deposition at the South Pole. Quaternary Research, 17(1), pp. 1-13. PDF
Mosley-Thompson, E., P.D. Kruss, L.G. Thompson, M. Pourchet and P. Grootes. Snow stratigraphic record at South Pole: potential for paleoclimatic reconstruction. Annals of Glaciology, 7, 26-33. PDF
Mosley-Thompson, E., K.R. Mountain and J.F. Paskievitch. 1986. Paleoclimatic ice core program at Siple Station. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., XVI(5), 115-117. PDF
Palais, J.M., P.R. Kyle, E. Mosley-Thompson, and E. Thomas. Correlation of a 3,200 year old tephra in ice cores from Vostok and South Pole Stations, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 14(8), 804-807. PDF
In November, 1992 an array of 235 poles in six lines, each 20 km long, centered on the SPS was installed for systematic, long-term monitoring of net accumulation. The network was established using standard surveying techniques which were verified using GPS (global positioning system). The lines are centered on the six grid directions (45o, 110o, 170o, 230o, 290o, and 350o), extend 20 km from the station, and contain poles (like that shown in the photograph) spaced 500 ± 1 m apart. When they were installed all pole heights (from the top of pole to the original snow surface) were 182.88 cm and all pole lengths were identical. The accumulation history from 1958 to 1994 are shown in the figure.
Mosley-Thompson, E., L.G. Thompson, J.F. Paskievitch, M. Pourchet, A.J. Gow, M.E. Davis, and J. Kleinman. Recent increase in South Pole snow accumulation. Annals of Glaciology, 21, 131-138. PDF
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